With the rising price of crude oil, demand for electric vehicles has increased dramatically, and a number of EV brands are now available in the country. While electric scooters have many advantages, an increase in the incidence of fires in them has sparked controversy and discussion concerning vehicle users’ safety as well as the quality standards used by EV manufacturers.
We can see from recent fires that not only new or tiny brands, but also some biggies, such as Ola, Okinawa, and Pure EV, are questioning their reliability, as scooters from brands like Ola, Okinawa, and Pure EV failed to show their reliability and were confronted with hazardous fire bursts. The major question now is why are these electric scooters so prone to catching fire? It’s debatable whether electric vehicle firms adhere to regulatory requirements and quality standards.
After investigating the causes of fires in electric scooters, we believe that the following factors may be at play: Most electric vehicles are powered by lithium-ion or Li-ion batteries, which are also present in most consumer electronics, including cellphones, smartwatches, and laptop computers. They are known to catch fire when exposed to air. Thermal runaway is a phenomena that occurs when lithium-ion and lithium-metal batteries fail.
During the procedure, the pressure and temperature rapidly rise, and if the interior of the battery is exposed to air, it may catch fire or explode. The inclusion of organic liquid electrolytes in the battery unit only adds to the conflagration. To guarantee that Li-ion batteries run safely, a battery management system (BMS) is used. An electric car can catch fire or explode due to a malfunctioning BMS, manufacturing error, external damage, low cell quality, chain reaction, short circuit, or even over charging.
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