Roads are an important mode of transport in India and all-over the world. India has a network of over 6,215,797 kilometres of roads as of 31 March 2020. India’s road network is the second-largest road network in the world, after the United States with 6,853,024 kilometres. In this blog, we’ve made a list of 6 types of roads that play a major role in India.
The Expressways are high-speed roads that are four- or more lanes, and are access controlled where entrance and exit is controlled by the use of ramps that are incorporated into the design of the expressway.
2. National Highways
The National highways are highways connecting major cities throughout the country and are at-grade roads. National Highways are designated with NH, followed by the highway number. Furthermore, Indian national highways are further classified based on the width of the carriageway of the highway. However, India has 142,126 km (88,313 mi) of National Highways as of 2019.
3. State Highways
State highways are highways connecting major cities throughout a state and are also at-grade roads. They also connect with National Highways or state highways of neighboring states.
4. District Roads
District Roads in India are approximately 632,154 kilometres (392,802 mi), of which 14.80% of the total length was surfaced. However, Zila Parishads have the authority and responsibility to build district roads.
5. Rural Roads
Rural roads form a substantial portion of the country’s road network, forming 72.97% of the total of roads, as of March 2020. However, as of the same date, the percentage of unsurfaced roads to the total road length was 31