Chassis Frames In Cars | Types, Construction Explained

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Chassis Frames In Cars | Types, Construction Explained

Importance Of Chassis

The chassis frame is one of the most important part in any automobile. It hold significance not only for design but also strength of an automobile. Different types of chassis frames are used in cars. All these types of chassis used in cars have their own advantages and disadvantages. Notably all the types of frames can be easily classified by construction and application. Let’s have a look.

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  • Types Of Chassis In Cars
  1. Ladder Frame
  2. Backbone Chassis
  3. Tubular Frame
  4. Monocoque Chassis
  5. Rolling Chassis

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1. Ladder Frame

Chassis in car
Ladder Frame

One of the most conventional type is the Ladder frame. As the name suggest, the construction of the frame resembles a ladder. It has two long beams supported by two short beams. They are easy to manufacture. They are widely used in trucks, buses and light commercial vehicles.

2. Backbone Chassis

Backbone Frame

In the backbone chassis, a rectangular cross-section cylindrical tube through the middle of the frame that connects the front and the rear suspension. In this types the driveshaft is protected by any damages but also making it intricate to repair. The backbone chassis is compartively expensive to manufacture.

3. Tubular Frame

Tubular Frame

The tubular frame uses tubes of different sizes to form a frame. They are considerably unsafe. Notably it is complex to manufacture. It is lightweight yet rigid. Another problem with this frame is that the structure raises the door which makes it difficult to access the cabin. Tubular frames are rarely used in passenger cars but can be seen in some racing vehicles and All-Terrain vehicles.

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4. Monocoque Chassis

Monocoque Chassis

The Monocoque frames are now widely used in automobile. Monocoque in French means a ‘single shell’ or a ‘single hull’. The chassis frame is designed in such a way that all the crucial components are held in a single construction. This is highly recommended for mass-produced cars. They are compartively more safe and provide superior torsional rigidity.

5. Rolling Chassis

Rolling Chassis

It is a ‘ready to run’ condition frame. The frame has engine, transmission, axles, tires and all the other systems attached to it which are mandatory to run a vehicle. Hence, it could be legally driven on road. This kind of frame are generally used in trucks or buses which are then transported to the vehicle body-builder. It is where they build the body on them.

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